Nystagmus 6, Congenital, X-linked

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

In several Chinese families, nystagmus was limited to males with onset in one case in the first 6 months.  Foveal dysplasia was present along with mottled fundus pigmentation.  Carrier females did not have nystagmus or changes in fundus pigmentation (except for one with mottling). Vision is in the range of 20/50-20/60.

Systemic Features: 

Skin and hair pigmentation was normal. No systemic disease was identified.


Mutations in GPR143 (Xp22.2) have been identified in this form of nystagmus. The family pedigrees are consistent with X-linked recessive inheritance.

Two additional X-linked isolated nystagmus conditions are contained in this database: nystagmus 1 (310700), the result of mutations in FRMD7, and nystagmus 5 (300589) of unknown gene causation.

Several autosomal dominant forms have been linked to chromosomal regions 6p12 (NYS2; 164100), 7p11 (NYS3, 608345), 13q (NYS4, 193003), 1q31.3-q32.1, and NYS7 (614826).  Autosomal recessive inheritance has been proposed for several pedigrees but adequate documentation is lacking (see 257400).

Ocular albinism (OA1) (300500) can also result from mutations in GPR143.  However, there was no evidence of ocular or systemic hypopigmentation in the Chinese families.

X-linked recessive, carrier mother
X-linked recessive, father affected
Treatment Options: 

No treatment has been reported.

Article Title: 

Aprataxin gene mutations in Tunisian families

Amouri R, Moreira MC, Zouari M, El Euch G, Barhoumi C, Kefi M, Belal S, Koenig M, Hentati F. Aprataxin gene mutations in Tunisian families. Neurology. 2004 Sep 14;63(5):928-9.

PubMed ID: 
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