Retinopathy with Neutropenia

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Pigmentary retinopathy was reported in a 25 year old female with moderately reduced visual acuity. Rare bone spicules pigment deposits were present in the periphery and macular edema was noted. Severely reduced scotopic and photopic responses were recorded.

Systemic Features: 

The single reported individual had congenital neutropenia and microcephaly. She had evident growth retardation and microcephaly at birth with subsequent recurrent upper respiratory infections and gingivitis. Speech and motor development were normal. Short stature was noted as well. The limbs were described as slender as in Cohen syndrome (216550) but no truncal obesity or joint hypermobility was present. The facial dysmorphism only vaguely resembled that found in Cohen syndrome (216550).


This is a newly described condition whose unique identity remains to be established since only a single patient has been reported. This patient carried two heterozygous splicing mutations in the same VPS13B gene, the same gene in which more than 100 homozygous mutations have been found in individuals with Cohen syndrome (216550). Each parent carried a different splicing mutation in VPS13B.

Cohen syndrome (216550) however, has additional phenotypic features such as truncal obesity, intellectual disabilities, intermittent neutropenia, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, myopia, and progressive chorioretinal dystrophy. Variable amounts of neutropenia were observed from age 5 years but the marrow was normocellular in appearance.

Isolated retinopathy with neutropenia may or may not be an autosomal recessive variant of Cohen syndrome (216550).

Treatment Options: 

No treatment has been reported.

Article Title: 


Gueneau L, Duplomb L, Sarda P, Hamel C, Aral B, Chehadeh SE, Gigot N, St-Onge J, Callier P, Thevenon J, Huet F, Carmignac V, Droin N, Faivre L, Thauvin-Robinet C. Congenital neutropenia with retinopathy, a new phenotype without intellectual deficiency or obesity secondary to VPS13B mutations. Am J Med Genet A. 2013 Dec 5. [Epub ahead of print].

PubMedID: 24311531