Keratoconus Posticus Circumscriptus

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

The posterior corneal surface has area(s) of excavation (indentation) associated with overlying opacification.  The lens-corneal separation is reduced and iridocorneal adhesions are often present.  The clinical picture has been described as ‘posterior conical cornea’ or posterior keratoconus.

Systemic Features: 

The neck is short and has webbing.  The facies appear ‘coarse’, the posterior hairline is low, the nose is prominent, digits are short, and the vertebral anomalies may lead to scoliosis.  Individuals are short of stature and brachydactyly is often present.  Developmental delays and mental retardation are usually features.  Other variable anomalies have been reported.


Autosomal recessive inheritance seems most likely in view of the family patterns.  Based on the few families reported, it is uncertain if this is a single entity with variable expression or a combination of disorders.  No gene or locus has been associated with this condition.

Treatment Options: 

No treatment beyond surgical repair of the cleft lip and palate or scoliosis is available.  Peripheral iridotomies have been done in the presence of shallow anterior chambers.

Article Title: 


Young ID, Macrae WG, Hughes HE, Crawford JS. Keratoconus posticus circumscriptus, cleft lip and palate, genitourinary abnormalities, short stature, and mental retardation in sibs. J Med Genet. 1982 Oct;19(5):332-6.

PubMedID: 7143385

Haney WP, Falls HF. The occurrence of congenital keratoconus posticus circumscriptus in two siblings presenting a previously unrecognized syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 1961 Jul;52:53-7.

PubMedID: 13711210