attenuated blood vessels

Retinitis Pigmentosa 79

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

As in many autosomal dominant conditions, there is considerable clinical heterogeneity and even nonpenetrance among individuals.  Onset may consist of night blindness in early childhood but many patients are not symptomatic until the 6th or 7th decade of life.  The fundus signs are characteristic for retinitis pigmentosa with bone spicule pigmentation clumps, attenuated vessels, optic disc pallor, and peripheral retinal atrophy.  Visual fields are peripherally constricted to variable degrees.   Patches of chorioretinal "degeneration" and choroidal "sclerosis" have been described.  Photophobia, decreased central acuity, and some degree of dyschromatopsia have been reported.  Progression of symptoms is highly variable but central acuity is usually affected at some point.

Systemic Features: 

No systemic abnormalities have been reported.


This autosomal dominant type of retinitis pigmentosa seems to result from heterozygous mutations in the HK1 gene (10q22.1).  Its phenotype is nonpenetrant in some individuals.   

Autosomal dominant
Treatment Options: 

No treatment has been reported but low vision aids might be helpful especially for near vision.

Article Title: 

A dominant mutation in hexokinase 1 (HK1) causes retinitis pigmentosa

Sullivan LS, Koboldt DC, Bowne SJ, Lang S, Blanton SH, Cadena E, Avery CE, Lewis RA, Webb-Jones K, Wheaton DH, Birch DG, Coussa R, Ren H, Lopez I, Chakarova C, Koenekoop RK, Garcia CA, Fulton RS, Wilson RK, Weinstock GM, Daiger SP. A dominant mutation in hexokinase 1 (HK1) causes retinitis pigmentosa. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Sep 4;55(11):7147-58.

PubMed ID: 
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