absent eye contact

Baker-Gordon Syndrome

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Poor visual acuity described as central in origin with poor eye contact.  Periorbital anomalies of low-set eyebrows and epicanthal folds are common.  The eyes have been described as "almond-shaped".  Strabismus and nystagmus are commonly present.

Systemic Features: 

The facial features ae described as "fine" with a short nose and a thin upper lip.  The forehead is unusually high. 

There is general developmental delay with impaired intellectual development, delayed or absent walking, and behavioral psychiatric manifestations such as stereotypic and unpredictable outbursts.   There are often involuntary and hyperkinetic movements with dystonia, dyskinesia, ataxia and choreoathetosis.  The EEG is often abnormal although seizures have not been reported.


De novo heterozygous mutations in the SYT1 gene (12q21.2) have been associated with this condition.  

Autosomal dominant
Treatment Options: 

No treatment has been reported.

Article Title: 

SYT1-associated neurodevelopmental disorder: a case series

Baker K, Gordon SL, Melland H, Bumbak F, Scott DJ, Jiang TJ, Owen D, Turner BJ, Boyd SG, Rossi M, Al-Raqad M, Elpeleg O, Peck D, Mancini GMS, Wilke M, Zollino M, Marangi G, Weigand H, Borggraefe I, Haack T, Stark Z, Sadedin S; Broad Center for Mendelian Genomics, Tan TY, Jiang Y, Gibbs RA, Ellingwood S, Amaral M, Kelley W, Kurian MA, Cousin MA, Raymond FL. SYT1-associated neurodevelopmental disorder: a case series. Brain. 2018 Sep 1;141(9):2576-2591.

PubMed ID: 
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