Tenorio Syndrome

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

The eyebrows appear bushy.  Inflammation of the limbus and keratoconjunctivitis sicca are often present and reported to resemble Sjogren syndrome.

Systemic Features: 

Infants appear large at birth with a large forehead and macrocephaly.  Birth weight, length, and head circumference are usually above the 97th percentile. The mandible appears large and the lips are full and ‘fleshy’.  Dentition is delayed.  Recurrent stomatitis and gastroesophageal reflux have been noted.  Closure of the fontanels is delayed.  Hypotonia and hyperflexible joints can be a feature.

Multiple brain anomalies have been described including cortical atrophy, dilated and asymmetrical ventricles, and mild hydrocephalus.  Psychomotor development and milestones are delayed.  Intellectual disabilities, syncope, hypoglycemia, seizures, apneic episodes, mood anomalies, abnormal gait, and general clumsiness may be present.  There was considerable clinical variation among the six reported patients. 


Heterozygous mutations in RNF125 (18q12.1) are responsible for this syndrome. 

Autosomal dominant
Treatment Options: 

No treatment is known.

Article Title: 

A new overgrowth syndrome is due to mutations in RNF125

Tenorio J, Mansilla A, Valencia M, Martinez-Glez V, Romanelli V, Arias P, Castrejon N, Poletta F, Guillen-Navarro E, Gordo G, Mansilla E, Garcia-Santiago F, Gonzalez-Casado I, Vallespin E, Palomares M, Mori MA, Santos-Simarro F, Garcia-Minaur S, Fernandez L, Mena R, Benito-Sanz S, del Pozo A, Silla JC, Ibanez K, Lopez-Granados E, Martin-Trujillo A, Montaner D; SOGRI Consortium, Heath KE, Campos-Barros A, Dopazo J, Nevado J, Monk D, Ruiz-Perez VL, Lapunzina P. A new overgrowth syndrome is due to mutations in RNF125. Hum Mutat. 2014 Dec;35(12):1436-41.

PubMed ID: 
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