dominant optic atrophy plus syndrome

Optic Atrophy, Ophthalmoplegia, Myopathy, and Neuropathy

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Visual symptoms have an insidious onset in childhood with vision loss and progressive external ophthalmoplegia.  Ptosis may be evident later.  The optic atrophy is progressive.   ERG abnormalities have been reported but no pigmentary retinopathy has been seen.  Myopia is sometimes present.

Systemic Features: 

The extraocular signs and symptoms are variable and generally have a later onset.  Some patients have an early onset of sensorineural hearing loss.  Muscle cramps and hyperreflexia may occur with clonus and a spastic gait.  Ataxia seems to be common.  The neurological phenotype has been likened to muscular sclerosis, Kearns-Sayre syndrome, and spastic paraplegia.  Muscle biopsies show variable-sized and atrophic fibers.


This is generally considered an autosomal dominant disorder secondary to mutations in the OPA1 gene.  It is allelic to optic atrophy 1 (165500) but may also be the same condition since the p.Arg247His mutation has been found in patients with both disorders.  This syndromic form of optic atrophy may also result from biallelic mutations in OPA1 in which the clinical disease is more severe and earlier in onset. 

Autosomal dominant
Treatment Options: 

No treatment is available for the neurological disease but low vision aids should be considered to selected patients especially during childhood educational activities.

Article Title: 

Multi-system neurological disease is common in patients with OPA1 mutations

Yu-Wai-Man P, Griffiths PG, Gorman GS, Lourenco CM, Wright AF, Auer-Grumbach M, Toscano A, Musumeci O, Valentino ML, Caporali L, Lamperti C, Tallaksen CM, Duffey P, Miller J, Whittaker RG, Baker MR, Jackson MJ, Clarke MP, Dhillon B, Czermin B, Stewart JD, Hudson G, Reynier P, Bonneau D, Marques W Jr, Lenaers G, McFarland R, Taylor RW, Turnbull DM, Votruba M, Zeviani M, Carelli V, Bindoff LA, Horvath R, Amati-Bonneau P, Chinnery PF. Multi-system neurological disease is common in patients with OPA1 mutations. Brain. 2010 Mar;133(Pt 3):771-86.

PubMed ID: 
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