This syndrome was first described by GH Watson, a British physician trained in pediatrics, in 1967. It bears close resemblance to neurofibromatosis described elsewhere in this database. In fact, there is evidence that mutations in the same gene are responsible.
Short stature and low normal intelligence seem to be common among all patients. Most patients also have some obstruction in the pulmonary valve of the artery which carries blood to the lungs. Pigmented skin lesions called caf?(c)-au-lait spots are frequently present. The head is relatively large compared to other bodily proportions.
A few individuals have small nerve tumors and small growths on the iris, the colored part of the eye that forms the pupil. Vision is not affected.
A gene mutation is responsible for the Watson syndrome. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and affected parents can expect that half of their children will inherit it.
The diagnosis is most likely made by a pediatrician, perhaps in consultation with a neurologist and an ophthalmologist. No treatment is available for the syndrome but multidisciplinary management for isolated problems may be necessary. No information regarding longevity is available and most individuals can expect to live normal lives without significant handicaps.