Retinitis Pigmentosa 25

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

There is considerable clinical heterogeneity with a wide range in age of onset and progression.  Night blindness, sometimes with photophobia, has its onset in the second or third decade of life and central acuity can be impacted by age 30 years.  Other patients have no symptoms until the fifth decade.  Some patients lose the ability to perceive light by the sixth decade.  The visual fields are usually constricted although one patient had a central scotoma.  The ERG is usually nonrecordable but other patients may have a variable rod-cone pattern of attenuation.  The retinal vessels are also attenuated and some patients have mild optic atrophy.  The pigmentary retinopathy is also variable with sometimes central lesions and in other patients more peripheral.  One patient had posterior subcapsular cataracts.

Systemic Features: 

No systemic disease has been reported.


This is an autosomal recessive form of retinitis pigmentosa resulting from homozygosity or compound heterozygosity in the EYS gene (6q12).

Treatment Options: 

No effective treatment has been reported.

Article Title: 


Hashmi JA, Albarry MA, Almatrafi A, Albalawi AM, Mehmood A, Basit S. Whole exome sequencing identified a novel single base pair insertion mutation in the EYS gene in a six generation family with retinitis pigmentosa. Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 2017 Apr 16. doi: 10.1111/cga.12225. [Epub ahead of print].

PubMedID: 28419563

Collin RW, Littink KW, Klevering BJ, van den Born LI, Koenekoop RK, Zonneveld MN, Blokland EA, Strom TM, Hoyng CB, den Hollander AI, Cremers FP. Identification of a 2 Mb human ortholog of Drosophila eyes shut/spacemaker that is mutated in patients with retinitis pigmentosa. Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Nov;83(5):594-603.

PubMedID: 18976725

Abd El-Aziz MM, Barragan I, O'Driscoll CA, Goodstadt L, Prigmore E, Borrego S, Mena M, Pieras JI, El-Ashry MF, Safieh LA, Shah A, Cheetham ME, Carter NP, Chakarova C, Ponting CP, Bhattacharya SS, Antinolo G. EYS, encoding an ortholog of Drosophila spacemaker, is mutated in autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa. Nat Genet. 2008 Nov;40(11):1285-7.

PubMedID: 18836446