Cataracts, Congenital, Volkmann Type

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

The nature of lens opacities is highly variable, ranging from dense opacification to barely detectable opacities.  The opacities may be located in the embryonic, fetal and juvenile nuclei as well as around the Y sutures.  They are congenital in origin and progressive.   Minimal opacities can be asymptomatic early but all eventually require removal, usually by the first or second decades of life.  Most cases have been reported from Denmark. 

Systemic Features: 

No systemic disease is present. 


This type of cataract is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.  The causative mutation is unknown but a presumed locus has been identified at 1pter-p36.13.  This type of cataract may be allelic to congenital posterior polar cataract (116600).

Other forms of autosomal dominantly inherited, congenital, progressive lens opacities include congenital cerulean (115660, 601547, 608983, 610202), Coppock-like (604307), and lamellar (116800), cataracts. Due to clinical heterogeneity, it is not always possible to classify specific families based on the appearance and natural history of the lens opacities alone.

Treatment Options: 

Visually significant cataracts may require removal. 

Article Title: 


Eiberg H, Lund AM, Warburg M, Rosenberg T. Assignment of congenital cataract Volkmann type (CCV) to chromosome 1p36. Hum Genet. 1995 Jul;96(1):33-8.

PubMedID: 7607651

Lund AM, Eiberg H, Rosenberg T, Warburg M. Autosomal dominant congenital cataract; linkage relations; clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Clin Genet. 1992Feb;41(2):65-9.

PubMedID: 1544213