Hypotonia, Infantile, with Psychomotor Retardation

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Abducens nerve palsy with characteristic strabismus (esotropia) can be present.

Systemic Features: 

Mothers may note decreased fetal movements.  Severe generalized hypotonia can be evident at birth, requiring tube feeding and respiratory assistance.  Death may occur before 6 months of age but with intense supportive care children can live for several years.  Brain imaging may show enlarged lateral ventricles and thinning of the corpus callosum in some individuals but no abnormalities in others.  Muscle biopsies can show severe myopathic changes with increased fibrosis, variation in fiber size, and small atrophic fibers.  Cardiac septal defects have been reported.  Delayed psychomotor development is a common feature.


Homozygous mutations in the CCDC174 gene (3p25.1) are responsible for this condition so far reported in only two families with 6 children affected.

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

No treatment is known for this condition.

Article Title: 

CDC174, a novel

Volodarsky M, Lichtig H, Leibson T, Sadaka Y, Kadir R, Perez Y, Liani-Leibson
K, Gradstein L, Shaco-Levy R, Shorer Z, Frank D, Birk OS. CDC174, a novel
component of the exon junction complex whose mutation underlies a syndrome of
hypotonia and psychomotor developmental delay
. Hum Mol Genet. 2015 Nov

PubMed ID: 
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