Retinitis Pigmentosa 77

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

The onset of nyctalopia apparently varies from early childhood to 20 years of age and is usually the presenting symptom.  The loss of acuity is progressive (20/30 to 20/400) with older patients generally having more severe loss but there is little direct correlation with age.  Peripheral fields are progressively constricted, ranging from 10 to 30 degrees.  Some patients develop posterior subcapsular cataracts.  Retinal pigmentation is often mottled but 'bone spicules' are seen in about half of individuals.  Retinal vessels are narrowed.  The ERG shows generalized rod-cone dystrophy.

Systemic Features: 

No systemic abnormalities have been reported.


Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the REEP6 gene (19p13.3) are responsible for this disorder.  Five unrelated families have been reported.

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

No treatment has been reported although cataract removal may be visually beneficial.  

Article Title: 

Mutations in REEP6 Cause Autosomal-Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa

Arno G, Agrawal SA, Eblimit A, Bellingham J, Xu M, Wang F, Chakarova C, Parfitt DA, Lane A, Burgoyne T, Hull S, Carss KJ, Fiorentino A, Hayes MJ, Munro PM, Nicols R, Pontikos N, Holder GE; UKIRDC., Asomugha C, Raymond FL, Moore AT, Plagnol V, Michaelides M, Hardcastle AJ, Li Y, Cukras C, Webster AR, Cheetham ME, Chen R. Mutations in REEP6 Cause Autosomal-Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Dec 1;99(6):1305-1315.

PubMed ID: 
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