lattice dystrophy

Stickler Syndrome, Type II

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Virtually all (85%) patients have a nonprogresssive axial myopia.  The vitreous degeneration has a beaded pattern without the veils of type I, claimed by some to be important in the distinction of the two types.  Paravascular lattice retinopathy is seen in 38% of patients and 64% have cataracts, sometimes with wedge opacities similar to those in type I Stickler syndrome.  Nearly half (42%) of patients are reported to have retinal detachments.

Systemic Features: 

Hearing loss occurs early and many individuals (80%) eventually require hearing aids.    Midline clefting is present frequently with bifid uvula, a highly arched palate, or an actual cleft palate.  Joint laxity is common.


There are reasons to classify type II Stickler syndrome as a unique disorder apart from type I (108300).  In addition to phenotypic evidence (vitreoretinal disease, amount of hearing loss, and degree of epiphyseal disease), mutation in two different genes are involved.  Type II results from a mutation in the COL11A1 (1p21) and type I (108300) in COL2A1.  Both types are inherited in autosomal dominant patterns.

Type IV (614234) with vitreoretinal changes, myopia, and a high risk of retinal detachment is inherited in an autsomal recessive pattern.

Autosomal dominant
Treatment Options: 

Patients with type II Stickler disease need lifelong ophthalmologic monitoring because of the risk of retinal detachments and cataracts with treatment as indicated.

Article Title: 

Clinical features of type 2 Stickler syndrome

Poulson AV, Hooymans JM, Richards AJ, Bearcroft P, Murthy R, Baguley DM, Scott JD, Snead MP. Clinical features of type 2 Stickler syndrome. J Med Genet. 2004 Aug;41(8):e107.

PubMed ID: 
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