cystic macular edema

Retinitis Pigmentosa 71

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Night blindness is noted in the first or second decades of life.  The fundus picture in this condition resembles classic retinitis pigmentosa with attenuated vessels, RPE anomalies with bone spicule clumping and areas of atrophy, and optic disc pallor.  Several patients had optic nerve drusen.  The retina appears to have microcysts, especially in the macula, and the outer retina is thinned.  

Systemic Features: 

Only a few patients have been reported with this form of RP and the full phenotype is unknown.  Some individuals are obese and one patient in addition had postaxial polydactyly and hypercholesterolemia suggestive of a Bardet-Biedl-like phenotype.  No reported patients have had rib dysplasia.


Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the IFT172 gene (2p23.3) have been identified in this condition.

The same gene is mutated in the recessive short-rib thoracic dysplasia 10 syndrome with or without polydactyly (615630).  Individuals with the short-rib syndrome may have night blindness and fundus changes resembling retinitis pigmentosa.

Because of the phenotypic overlap with other conditions such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome, the short-rib thoracic 10 syndrome (615630), Majewski syndrome (263520), Jeune syndrome (208520), short-rib thoracic dysplasia 9 (266920), and certain types of polycystic diseases of the kidney with abnormalities of the cilia, it has been suggested that RP71 should be classified as a syndromic ciliopathy.

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

No treatment has been reported.

Article Title: 

Mutations in IFT172 cause isolated retinal degeneration and Bardet-Biedl syndrome

Bujakowska KM, Zhang Q, Siemiatkowska AM, Liu Q, Place E, Falk MJ, Consugar M, Lancelot ME, Antonio A, Lonjou C, Carpentier W, Mohand-Said S, den Hollander AI, Cremers FP, Leroy BP, Gai X, Sahel JA, van den Born LI, Collin RW, Zeitz C, Audo I, Pierce EA. Mutations in IFT172 cause isolated retinal degeneration and Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2015 Jan 1;24(1):230-42.

PubMed ID: 
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