Night blindness is a feature of many pigmentary and other retinal disorders, most of which are progressive. However, there is also a group of genetically heterogeneous disorders, with generally stable scotopic defects and without RPE changes, known as congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB). At least 10 mutant genes are responsible with phenotypes so similar that genotyping is usually necessary to distinguish them. All are caused by defects in visual signal transduction within rod photoreceptors or in defective photoreceptor-to-bipolar cell signaling with common ERG findings of reduced or absent b-waves and generally normal a-waves. The photopic ERG is usually abnormal to some degree as well and visual acuity may be subnormal. In the pregenomic era, subtleties of ERG responses were frequently used in an attempt to distinguish different forms of CSNB. Genotyping now enables classification with unprecedented precision.
In this disorder (CSNB2B) the b-wave responses are deficient (little or no scotopic response) and a-waves seem to be normal. However, many if not most patients do not complain of night blindness. Nystagmus, strabismus, and restriction of visual fields may be present. Visual acuity is mildly to severely reduced.
Foveal thinning has been documented in this condition.