sulfite oxidase deficiency

Sulfite Oxidase Deficiency

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Dislocated lenses are the only significant ocular features of this disorder.  In one patient the lenses were said to be in normal position at 5.5 months of age but mild nasal subluxation of both lenses was present at 11 months.  In a series of 22 patients, 10 had dislocated lenses and one had spherophakia.  Lens dislocations occur early and maybe even congenitally in some cases as the diagnosis has been made in seven children before one year of age.  On the other hand it is not a consistent sign since the lenses were not dislocated in seven individuals who were examined specifically for this sign.

Systemic Features: 

Outside of the eye, the main features of this disorder are secondary to neurological damage.  Symptoms of irritability, poor feeding, ataxia, and language development may be seen in the first year or two of life.  Respiratory distress can be a feature in neonates.  Hypotonia, dystonia and choreoathetosis may be seen as well.  Seizures (sometimes with opisthotonus) often occur in the first days or weeks of life.  Later, generalized hypertonia and hyperactive reflexes are present.  Global developmental delays occur in nearly 80% of patients.  However, some patients also have a later onset with a milder course indicating that the full range of clinical expression remains to be determined.


A number of mutations in the SUOX gene on chromosome 12 (12q13.13) cause this rare autosomal recessive disorder.  Less than 50 cases have been reported worldwide.

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

Not enough patients have been evaluated for long enough to determine the optimum treatment but low protein diets and restriction of sulfur containing amino acids have been tried with mixed results.

Article Title: 

Isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency

Claerhout H, Witters P, Regal L, Jansen K, Van Hoestenberghe MR, Breckpot J, Vermeersch P. Isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2017 Oct 4. doi: 10.1007/s10545-017-0089-4. [Epub ahead of print].

PubMed ID: 
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