GLC3 type B

Glaucoma, Congenital Primary B

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Type B congenital glaucoma is considerably more rare than type A and may be more common in Middle Eastern families.  Few families have been reported but the clinical features are similar: elevated intraocular pressure in infancy or early childhood, photophobia, and cloudy corneas (see Glaucoma, Congenital Primary A [231300] for a more complete description of the phenotype).

Systemic Features: 

No systemic abnormalities are associated.


This is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in GLC3B mapped to a locus at 1p36.2-p36.1.  Type A congenital glaucoma (231300) is caused by a mutation in CYP1B1 and type D by mutations in LTBP2 (613086).  A locus at 14q24.3 has been asssociated with another form of congenital glaucoma (613085; type C) but the nature of the gene is unknown.  Mutations in TEK are responsible for congenital glaucoma type GLC3E.

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

As in other types of congenital glaucoma, pressure control is difficult and the best approach entails some form of glaucoma surgical filtration.

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