Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

Posterior polar cataracts appear during the third decade of life.

Systemic Features: 

Progressive hearing loss has its onset in the third decade and becomes severe in the 5th decade.  Progressive dementia, often in the form of paranoid psychosis, begins about age 50.  Cerebellar ataxia and intention tremor have their onset in midlife.  There is a diffuse atrophy throughout the brain and cranial nerves are demyelinated.  Blood vessels throughout the CNS, spinal cord and retina show an amyloid angiopathy.  Intracranial hemorrhage is a significant risk and, when lobar in location, carries a significant risk of mortality within months.  Death generally occurs in the 5th and 6th decades of life.


Pedigree patterns in the few reported families are consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance.  A mutation has been found in the ITM2B gene located at 13q14.

Autosomal dominant
Treatment Options: 

No treatment is available.

Article Title: 

Heredopathia ophthalmo-oto-encephalica

Stromgrem, E. Heredopathia ophthalmo-oto-encephalica. In: Myrianthopoulos, N.C. Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Neurogenetic directory. New York: Elsevier/North Holland (pub.) 42, Part I: 150-152, 1981.

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