Basel-Vanagaite-Smirin-Yosef Syndrome

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

The eyes appear abnormally far apart.  Ptosis, microcornea, congenital cataracts, sparse eyebrows, and strabismus are usually present.  Epicanthal folds are often seen.

Systemic Features: 

Psychomotor development is severely delayed and with delay or absence of milestones.  DTRs are often hyperactive but some infants are described as hypotonic.  Some individuals have seizures.  There may be a nevus flammeus simplex lesion on the forehead and body hair is sparse.  Cleft palate, cardiac septal defects, hypospadius, thin corpus callosum and cerebral ventricular dilation have been observed.  The upper lip may have a tented morphology with everted lower lip vermilion. A short philtrum is common. 


A homozygous missense mutation in the MED25 gene (19q13.33) has been reported and the transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance.

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

No known treatment has been reported.

Article Title: 

Homozygous MED25 mutation implicated in eye-intellectual disability syndrome

Basel-Vanagaite L, Smirin-Yosef P, Essakow JL, Tzur S, Lagovsky I, Maya I, Pasmanik-Chor M, Yeheskel A, Konen O, Orenstein N, Weisz Hubshman M, Drasinover V, Magal N, Peretz Amit G, Zalzstein Y, Zeharia A, Shohat M, Straussberg R, Monte D, Salmon-Divon M, Behar DM. Homozygous MED25 mutation implicated in eye-intellectual disability syndrome. Hum Genet. 2015 Jun;134(6):577-87.

PubMed ID: 
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