apple peel syndrome with microcephaly and ocular anomalies

Strømme Syndrome

Clinical Characteristics
Ocular Features: 

The core complex of Stromme syndrome consists of intestinal atresia and ocular abnormalities of the anterior segment.  The ocular anomalies consist of variable amounts of angle dysgenesis, anterior synechiae, corneal leukoma, iris colobomas and hypoplasia, sclerocornea, cataracts, and sometimes microcornea.  However, microphthalmia, tortuous retinal vessels, and optic nerve hypoplasia may also be present.  Hypertelorism and deep-set eyes have been described.  Glaucoma has not been reported.  Only about 10 cases have been reported since Stromme 's first report in 1993.  Most patients have been too young for reliable acuity testing. 

Systemic Features: 

The phenotype is highly variable.  The ears are often large and low-set.  Microcephaly is often present along with a cleft palate and micrognathia.  The intestinal atresia seems to involve the jejunum primarily and is usually surgically correctable.  The duodenum may also be involved and intestinal malrotation has been described.  Myopathic changes in the myocardium have been seen along with small cardiomyoctes.  Microcephaly seems to be progressive.  Short stature has been noted and the amount of developmental delay is highly variable.  Renal hypodysplasia and hydronephrosis have been described.

Some patients seem to develop and function almost normally while more severely affected individuals may not live beyond early infancy or childhood.


Compound heterozygous mutations in the CENPF gene (1q41) segregate with this condition. 

Autosomal recessive
Treatment Options: 

Infants do well following intestinal surgery.  Ocular surgery has not been reported.

Article Title: 

Stromme Syndrome: New Clinical Features

Stromme Syndrome: New Clinical Features Bayram Ali Dorum, Irmak Tanal Sambel, Hilal Ozkan, Irfan Kiristioglu, Nilgun Koksal APSP J Case Rep. 2017 Mar-Apr; 8(2): 14. Published online 2017 Mar 18.

PubMed ID: 

Stromme Syndrome is a Ciliary Disorder Caused by Mutations in CENPF

Filges I, Bruder E, Brandal K, Meier S, Undlien DE, Waage TR, Hoesli I, Schubach M, de Beer T, Sheng Y, Hoeller S, Schulzke S, Rosby O, Miny P, Tercanli S, Oppedal T, Meyer P, Selmer KK, Stromme P. Stromme Syndrome is a Ciliary Disorder Caused by Mutations in CENPF. Hum Mutat. 2016 Jan 28. doi: 10.1002/humu.22960. [Epub ahead of print].

PubMed ID: 
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